How To Maintain Your Computer

Being a computer technician pays
nice money and has for a very long time. Why?well,mainly
because a lot of new computer owners fail to learn how to use
and maintain there new computer.
Before purchasing my first computer back in 1998,I took an 8 hour
class on the basics of operating a windows 95 system based
computer..Even with the class,within the first few months,I
had crashed the computer 3 times. This gives you
somewhat of an idea about what we have here today..Alot of
people now are getting computers because there friends have
one,or to just get into the chat rooms,or the adult
sites..point being..they dont know how to use a
computer,much less maintain one.

To save yourself
allot of money and needless trips to the computer shop for
repairs,there are a series of very simple steps you can take
to keep your new computer running fast and
efficient. Myself,I have windows xp home edition
running on my computer. I find it to be the best system out
there at the moment.The choice is of course yours as to what
operating system you install on your machine.
When you get your new computer home and you configure an internet
connection,the first thing I recommend that you do is to get
to the windows update site. The site will automatically
update your new operating system with files to prevent
people on other computers from accessing your data.
Next step is to install an anti-virus and spyware program on
your computer.

If your buying a new computer from a big
outlet,this is usually included with your purchase but not
always.Make sure to inquire about this when purchasing your
computer. Both these programs,the anti-virus and the
anti-spyware are a must have in today’s computer age..You can
get good information from Google (
Just type in anti-virus in the search will get
choices for a lot of programs..same for the

Over time,you will visit a lot of
websites..Most of these sites has what are called
“cookies”.These are little embedded packages of
data(files),that the sites you have visited leave on your
computer to track your browsing habits. After awhile,these
files need to be purged,deleted from your

Other files that need to be purged at
least once a week,are your temporary internet files and your
history files. Failing to do this will really slow down
your computer to a crawl and possibly cause a system
crash,meaning you will have to re-install your operating

When you open up internet explorer,at the
top left of the page,you will see options..Look for the
Tools option.Left click “Tools”,then left click “Internet
Options”.From there it should be straight forward for
you.After you have deleted your temporary internet files and
history files,click “OK” I do this at least once a
day,really keeps my computer running fast.

You will need to defragment your files on your hard drive at least once a month.
Over time,if this is left undone,your programs will run slower,your computer will not be running at maximum efficiency. To do this,left click the start button,look for accessories,look for disk defragmentor.Run the program. You will find that if you have not done this for a long time,it will make a big difference in the overall performance of your computer.

For computer users with a DSL or Cable modem:

Sometimes you will notice that your browsing speeds are slower,the websites that your visiting are taking a long time to load.A remedy to this is shutting the computer off,disconnect your modem from the modem box for a few minutes..reconnect the modem and turn your computer back on. This is called renewing the modem. I do this a few times a week and my speeds are always fast.

Now im going to share with you,some things you can do about whats
inside of your computer “the case”or your computers
“hardware”. No matter how clean the surroundings
where you have your computer placed,over time,alot of dust
and particles gather on the inside..your motherboard,inside
the power supply,on your cpu,all your
cards”video,sound,etc.” I clean the inside of my computer
every 3 months and I recommend all new users do it also.

Here is how to do it: First,before you do anything,make sure
the computer is unplugged from the outlet and is completely
turned off! Next is to get a screwdriver for those little
round screws you will need to undo to get inside your
case. When both sides of the case are removed,you will
need a can of compressed can buy this from any
computer store for under 5 dollars. You then spray all
the areas inside the will see the dust and dirt
flyng off from the places you sprayed. Doing this 4
times a year(every 3 months)Is a great way to save a lot of
money and keep your computer running like its brand

I hope you all have enjoyed my

computer tips.



copyright – 2007

William Robinson is an accomplished ebay seller,website designer and unlicensed computer technician.



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Computer Addiction Symptoms

You may ask yourself “What are the symptoms of Computer Addiction?” The answer is: “They can vary according to the extent of the addiction”. For instance, some people may be only addicted mildly to the internet and computer, therefore, they display little nor no symptoms other than the constant desire to be using the internet or computer.

On the other hand, those suffering from severe computer addiction may display a variety of symptoms, some of which can be hazardous to health. There are some symptoms of acute computer-related addiction outlined below with a brief description of each.

*Mood swings and irritability when not at the computer.

One of the first, and the most pressing signs of computer addiction is when the person shows anger, irritability and mood swings when not at the computer. Very often, all lifes’ situations become insignificant and they feel they must get back to the computer. The person seems to be completely preoccupied and focused on nothing else other than getting back online or back to the computer. If the person displays this sort of symptom, then it is a sure sign that this person is completely addicted to the computer.

*Showing signs of a lack of interest in offline activities.

This is a huge indication that computer addiction has taken hold. A computer addict may totally ignore their offline friends in favor of forming online relationships. It could even reach the extent that they sever relationships with their family as well. This is one of the most tragic symptoms, and when this happens, the computer addict needs to seek professional help as they are showing severe computer addiction symptoms.

*Loss of sleep and the abandoning of commitments to spend time at the computer.

This has a drastic effect on the health of a computer addict. They will often lose all track of time and will stay up all night to be at the computer with little or no sleep. They rarely go outside for fresh air and sunshine which will obviously affect their health. Another tragic computer addiction symptom is when the sufferer abandons their commitments to work, school, college, study and family to favor computer time. The abandoning of commitments will have a long-term effect on the life of the sufferer. Loss of their job, poor grades and failure of courses.

*Not eating balanced meals and lack of personal hygiene.

A person suffering from computer addiction, will very often miss meals. This is because it takes time to prepare a proper meal, time which would rather be spent at the computer. A computer addict will often favor snacks, fast food and soda. Another thing to bear in mind is the fact that a severe computer addict will not spend time for their ablutions. Again, these fundamental actions take time and some important conversation or a bad guy on the game who needs to be watched and could be missed if the addict were completing his or her ablutions.

*Lack of concentration and motivation for anything other than the computer.

The lack of motivation for any sort of activity outside of the computer environment. Computer addiction will cause lack of concentration, which could be very dangerous for those operating machinery or driving. This could have an obvious tragic effect on theirs – and others – health.

Sadly, these computer addictions are obviously very dangerous and should serve as a dire warning to the family and friends of addicts that the person needs to seek professional help before they crawl deeper into a virtual reality world with disastrous consequences. All these symptoms are due to computer addiction.

[] provides information on everything related to Computer Addiction. If you stop by our site you will get some education in different forms of computer addiction. Be sure to check our our page on computer addiction symptoms [].

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Who Invented Personal Computing? Celebrating the Thirtieth Anniversary of Microcomputing

A generation of young people just leaving college and going out to seek their fortune have grown up with computers, and their computers have always been personal. They’ve always used a keyboard to enter data and have always viewed their work on a screen that reacted pretty much instantly to their input. Increasingly, they use a small portable computer with a flat high resolution screen, or maybe even a hand-held device, with a user interface they’ve customized to their own liking. Personal computing. Where did it come from?

I’ve had reason to think about this, having been involved in the early software business and having recently published a book about my experiences selling software in the late 1970s. The book is called Priming the Pump: How TRS-80 Enthusiasts Helped Spark the PC Revolution. In the book, co-authored with my husband David, we talk about how Steve Leininger, a newly-hired engineer and computer hobbyist, and Don French, a company insider, created this ground-breaking product for Tandy Corporation for under $150,000 in development costs. Tandy, parent of the nationwide chain of Radio Shack stores (3500 at the time) sold the TRS-80 for $599.95. It was the most expensive product Radio Shack had ever sold, and it was a phenomenal success, so successful that Radio Shack was overwhelmed with orders it couldn’t fill. People had to go on waiting lists to get one.

So was the TRS-80 the first truly personal computer? We do make the claim that it was the first mass produced (all made in factories in the US) off-the-shelf microcomputer. But in 1977, exactly thirty years ago, the TRS-80 was only one of three microcomputers introduced. There was also the PET from Commodore and the Apple I and II, designed by the guru of geekdom, Steve Wozniak. These three microcomputers hit the market that year, and for the TRS-80, it was the beginning of a series of upgrades and add-ons that eager users snapped up over the next seven or eight years. For Apple, their Apple II computer, which had color from the beginning and was a superb game machine, had an even longer run and sold in huge numbers. In fact, Steve Wozniak, in her new book, iWoz, claims that he “invented the personal computer” (iWoz: How I invented the personal computer, co-founded Apple, and had fun doing it, by Steve Wozniak and Gina Smith, Norton & Company, 2006). But did anyone really “invent” the personal computer?

Before there were personal computers, there were big corporate computers. In the 1960s, computers were large and expensive and did not have a screen. The input/output device was likely to be a teletype machine, itself a large, clunky and expensive machine. Or it may have been connected to a “terminal,” another expensive machine that did have a TV-like screen and a keyboard. You might think that this type of computer somehow evolved into the smaller ones we use today, but that is not so.

Small computers, known initially as microcomputers, arose in the 1970s as a result of developments in electronics, specifically the microprocessor, which let many components that used to be individually mounted on a board be part of one integrated device. This was a technology that moved fast once the principles were in place. Intel founder Gordon Moore observed the fast pace and declared a proposition: Moore’s Law stated that processing power would double every 18 months, and he’s proved right in this observation. But it was more than technical advances that brought about personal computing. It was also a pent-up desire on the part of many people to own their own computer. This is what drove Ted Nelson to write his self-published book, Computer Lib, in 1974 and later write that he sought “the freedom of people to do their own thing with computers.” It is what drove Ed Roberts to build the Altair, the first microcomputer, which appeared on the cover of Popular Electronics in January 1975. Roberts was once quoted as saying that he “lusted” after a computer of his own and that “to have a computer was better than sex.”

When the Intel 4004 chip came out, it was a beginning, but only a concept, as this first microprocessor did not do enough to power a computer. Then came the 8008 and finally the 8080, the one that became the brains of the Altair and the IMSAI, kit computers that found an eager following. These chips were expensive but soon there were other microprocessors, like the 6502 from MOS Technologies and the Z80 from Zilog. Among the fruit trees of northern California soon to be known as Silicon Valley, a young Steve Wozniak had obtained two 6502 microprocessors at a computer show for the incredibly cheap price of $20 each. The man selling them was Chuck Peddle, who had designed them. I recently heard Chuck give a talk (via internet) to the Vintage Computer Festival in New Jersey in which he stated that his company, MOS Technologies, had experienced many quality control problems and a lot of the chips did not work. He wanted to conceal the problems and make it look like he had produced the chips in abundance, so he filled a barrel with them, but only the ones on top actually worked! Good thing Woz got two that worked, because with those he built the first Apple.

Chuck Peddle sold out to Commodore, which began work on a microcomputer project. Wozniak says in his book that Peddle came to see the prototype Apple II in Steve Jobs’ garage and was considering buying the rights to it, but Commodore decided to do their own design. The Commodore PET, released in 1977, had a keyboard for input and a tape cassette for storage; it was a complete system.

In 1976, another Steve – Steve Leininger – was working at National Semiconductor and moonlighting at Paul Terrell’s Byte Shop, where Wozniak’s Apple I models were for sale. Terrell launched Jobs and Wozniak into a real business with a $50,000 order for the hand-built computer, which had no keyboard or monitor; it was really just a board that hobbyists could make into a real computer with add-ons. Leininger found himself talking one day to some buyers from Tandy Corporation, parent of Radio Shack. He later received an offer of employment and was flown to Fort Worth Texas to meet with John Roach, company CEO, and the man who would be his partner in designing the TRS-80, Don French.

The TRS-80 Model I, introduced in August 1977, had some features that the others lacked. Unlike the annoying “chiclet” keyboard of the PET, the TRS-80 had a full size keyboard. The PET came with a monitor, but the TRS-80 had a larger one. Most importantly, the PET was an all-in-one case model, with no expandability, but the TRS-80 was designed for expansion; the tape cassette recorder (the storage device) and the monitor were separate and could be replaced with something else. Eventually, Radio Shack released an “expansion interface” that let users connect a disk drive and add more memory. The TRS-80, with the BASIC language built-in, could accomplish many useful tasks, and its popularity went well beyond the enthusiastic hobbyist market. Small business owners were among the most eager buyers.

The initial events that made the personal computer possible were about technical advances – better, faster microprocessors – and hardware innovations, such as the five-inch disk drive. But the next wave of innovation that made computers essential to modern life was software, all kinds of software that helped people do common tasks more efficiently. Word Processing. Accounting. Mail lists. Database. And the first “killer app” – spreadsheets, beginning with VisiCalc. At the same time, microcomputers were a new form of entertainment. Games were tremendously popular; some mimicked the arcade games of the day and others were analogies to board games like chess. Some broke new ground for gaming, like Scott Adams’ Adventure games, and the popular Oregon Trail. Without all the programmers out there creating useful applications, the computer would never be personal. In our case, David created a word processor called Lazy Writer. It received rave reviews in the many computer magazines that reviewed popular software. We sold copies all over the US and the world, with many buyers in Australia (who used a TRS-80 clone machine called the Dick Smith System 80). We never got rich selling software, but we felt the excitement of being part of something that really was a revolution.

So who invented personal computing? Was it Steve Wozniak, with his amazing designs, or was it Ed Roberts, who believed people lusted after a kit that let them build a computer called Altair, was it Chuck Peddle who gave the world a cheap microprocessor, or was it Leininger and French who built the TRS-80, a machine that had so many fans? Notice that I have not even mentioned Bill Gates or the IBM PC. Gates was there from the beginning, and he too has a claim on inventing personal computing. It was Gates who created the version of the BASIC language that was in the Altair and who later supplied the operating system for the IBM PC, the machine that first gave us the term, “Personal Computer.” But it seems clear to me that the vision of a personal computer was out there long before IBM got into the act. In fact, it seems unlikely that we can ever name one person who deserves the credit for “inventing” personal computing. A computer as a personal tool – an idea that was in the ether, as they say, and that had many inventors, both through breakthroughs in hardware and creativity in software.

The tremendous strides we’ve made in how we use our computers is exemplified for me in two remarks from family members. The first was something my daughter, born in 1985, said to me some years back. She said that when she first heard that computers were once huge machines that filled a room, she pictured in her mind a giant modern computer, with a gigantic screen filling a whole wall and a huge keyboard, with a person jumping from one enormous key to another. She couldn’t see how else a computer could fill a room. The other remark was just recently made by my sister, who is relatively new to computer ownership. She had finished reading my book, which she said she enjoyed despite her lack of computer savvy, and I was pleased because we did not intend our book just for geeks. Then she said, “I always thought early computers would be kind of like modern ones only maybe slower, but now I see that they were completely different.” My first reaction to this was wanting to say “No they weren’t,” but I didn’t say that because I wanted to think about why she would make this remark. I realized that the way a user interacts with a PC today really is completely different from looking at a screen displaying a blinking cursor and the word “Ready.” That’s what we used to see on our TRS-80 when we turned it on. It was ready for us to give it a command and until we did, it would do nothing. And it could only do one thing at a time. Just look at the graphics, sound and interactivity of modern personal computers and, even though they are the descendants of the blank screen with a blinking cursor, the way we use computers and take their amazing abilities for granted is completely different from the era of microcomputers that dazzled us thirty years ago.

You can buy Priming the Pump from the book website at or from

Theresa Welsh is co-author of Priming the Pump: How TRS-80 Enthusiasts Helped Spark the PC Revolution ( and two other books. She and her husband David started a software business selling TRS-80 software in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and she continued working in IT, first at EDS and later as a contract worker at Ford Motor Company. She currently is a free-lance writer and editor and operates a book review website at

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Your Guide to Buying a Computer

So your old computer is outdated and slow and you have decided to buy a new computer. If you are not too familiar with computers, buying one can be quite a complicated process. Most of you who don’t know enough about computers will more than likely be taking the sales representatives word for it. However, to prevent any future problems that you may have, its actually better to do your research before you buy a new computer.

The first question you have to ask yourself is what is it that you are going to be doing with your computer. This is also the first question the sales rep will probably ask you as well. Whatever your answer is to this question will let you know what type of computer you need. The two most common types of computers that are being sold are Multi-media computers and workstation computers.

Multi-media Computers

These computers will have most of what you need to do just about anything you can think of. Want to watch TV on your computer? Want to play graphic demanding games? Do you like to listen to music or watch dvd’s on your computer? How about producing your own music or home videos? Well, if you answered yes to any of these questions than your safest bet would be to go with a multi-media computer.

Multi-media computers are typically a lot more expensive than work station computers. They come with more RAM, better graphics, better sound cards, bigger hard drives and usually come bundled with some very nice software. However, you will most likely be having more problems with this type of computer.

Workstation Computers

These types of computers are a lot cheaper. Since you use this kind of computer for doing things like browsing the web, writing up all sorts of documents, sending e-mails and getting business done you will not be needing a lot of expensive hardware to make it work really well. The most expensive hardware in these types of computers is the CPU. Every other piece of hardware is pretty much the cheapest of the cheap. Retailers do this to keep costs down and appeal to the consumer looking for the ‘budget’ computer. They come with both on-board sound and on-board graphics. While it possible to play a few games with this type of computer, don’t expect to be playing highly demanding graphical games on max settings. Possibly the best thing about getting a workstation computer is the amount of room you have for upgrades. By using on-board graphics and sound, you will have open ‘slots’ to latter add a graphics card or a sound card of your own. But, unless you know how to install these things yourself, it really is a gamble.

Now that you know what type of computer you need you can buy accordingly. However, if you are wanting a multi-media type computer but can’t afford it you could get away with purchasing a workstation computer and upgrading to a multi-media computer at your convenience. Before you do, you must get as much information from the retailer about the computer as possible. You need to know what type of motherboard, CPU and RAM you have to make changes that significant to your computer. Without having this sort of information, any hardware you purchase for an upgrade could do more damage to your wallet.

Tony Coffee is has spent the last 8 years building and helping people buy computers.

If you enjoyed this article you can find more like it at

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Computer Data Base – What It Consists Of


Data is input by touching a “key” on the keyboard image displayed on the interactive display. Data entered through the interactive display is coupled through a keyboard bus and a keyboard interface to the processing unit. The ability to process the data so that error-free data files are created, results are accurate and the computer data base is maintained. Access should be restricted, as transferrals, addition or removal of information on a computer data base is much easier than when the information is stored.

Computer Data Base

The varying of definitions may cause confusion,particularly since definition of “computer database” is broad and may include non-technical information. Some type of remote data transfer system is recommended (using telephone lines, communications satellites) and a system to automatically incorporate the data into a computer data base is recommended. This consist of many units, such as the following. “Computer” is an electronic, magnetic, optical, organic, or other data processing device or system that performs logical, arithmetic, memory, or storage functions. “Computer” includes any property, data storage facility, or communications facility that is directly related to or operated in conjunction with that device or system. “Computer data base” is a representation of information, knowledge, facts, concepts, or instructions that are being prepared or have been prepared in a formalized manner or have been produced by a computer, computer system, or computer network and are intended for use in a such units. “Computer program” is an ordered set of instructions that may interact with related data that, when executed in a computer system causes the computer to perform specified functions. “Computer control language” means any ordered statements that direct a computer to perform specific functions. “Computer services” includes, but is not limited to, computer data processing, and storage functions. “Computer software” are computer programs, instructions, procedures, or associated documentation that is concerned with the operation of a computer system. “Computer system” are one or more connected computers, peripheral devices, software, data, or programs. “Access” means to instruct, communicate with, store data in, to retrieve data from, or otherwise make use of equipment including, but not limited to, computers and other data processing equipment or resources connected.

A person commits the offense of unlawful use of a computer if he/she, whether in person, electronically or through the intentional distribution of a computer virus: accesses or exceeds authorization to access, alters, damages or destroys any computer, computer system, computer network, computer software, computer program or data base or any part of a computer system, with the intent: to interrupt the normal functions, or to execute any scheme, to defraud or control property or services by means of false pretenses, representations or promises; intentionally and without authorization accesses, alters, interferes with the operation of, damages or destroys any computer, computer system, computer network, computer software, computer program or computer data base or any part of computer. Intentionally or knowingly and without authorization gives or publishes a password, identifying code, personal identification number or other confidential information about a computer, computer system, computer network or data base.

There are hundreds of Adware deletion programs on the push. Your best bet is to go to a place like Spybot Download [] It lists the best Adware Removers presently on the push. Or just google the speak “adware remover”. Like I said, you’ll find hundreds. Some are good, some aren’t. Free Spybot [] is a great situate for you to see which ones work, but I know some of you just like to google, and that’s approval too ;). Just get one, I feel bad having to current so wholly for something so nominal.

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